Similarly, Howard Roark, who suggests the famous architectural innovator Frank Lloyd Wright, goes against the grain by refusing to design the same old outworn Greek, Roman and Renaissance designs and creates instead buildings and homes that blend with or enhance their natural backgrounds.
Rand appears to have begun work on The Fountainhead in in reaction against what she saw as the collectivist direction in which the New Deal was taking the United States. Meanwhile, Henry Cameron attempts to warn Roark about an extremely bleak future if he fails to bend to the will of the people and his profession.
She says they can marry, that she will wash his clothes and cook his meals, and that he will give up architecture and work in a store. He becomes fanatically jealous of sharing Dominique with others.
She boards the train for Reno and, after her divorce, marries Gail Wynand. She attended a New York lecture by Laski as part of gathering material for the novel, following which she changed the physical appearance of the character to be similar to that of Laski. Roark agrees only on the condition that the buildings be erected exactly as he designs them; Keating agrees.
One said it was a great book that would never sell; the other said it was trash but would sell well. Peter Keating, one of the favorite students at the school, frequently persuades Roark to help him with his assignments.
Howard Roark, whose love of buildings is so great that he cannot refuse any opportunity to improve one. Stengel will be delighted to change it if you advise him to? Thus, Toohey only laughs after being taken to task for being involved with a group of rabid individualists.
She ardently desires their sexual relationship, but almost as intensely fears it. Dominique, seeing that she was mistaken in believing that a genius like Roark has no chance in a corrupt world, is liberated from her fears and is finally free to marry him. Chambers, decided to reject the book. He takes a job in a granite quarry owned by Guy Francon.
He loves painting, but his mother steers him toward architecture instead. This was, and remains, her deepest belief. She both physically resists Roark when he finally comes to her and experiences their lovemaking — "the thing she had thought about, had expected" — as the most powerful experience of her life.
Keating takes a job with the firm of Guy Francon, a powerful and influential architect who believes in copying classic buildings. The simple fact, however, that Roark made money for people who did not want to make money impresses businessmen, and Roark receives commissions.
They choose Roark as the worst architect they can find.
Later, he returns and rapes her. Toohey, who writes a column for The Banner, has schemed for years to take over the paper.
As the story opens, twenty-one-year-old Roark is expelled from the Stanton Institute of Technology for "insubordination. Petersburg, Russia, on February 2,to an affluent and assimilated Jewish family. Eventually, he wins, and Roark signs a contract to build the Aquitania Hotel.
The jury understands his position and votes to acquit him. Holding the same basic premises as Dominique, it is logical that he loves her. He stops at nothing to gain prominence and only feels twangs of conscience with Catherine Halsey, whom he calls Katie. From the opening chapters we realize Roark is good and Keating is bad.
A human being learns from others, as Roark does from Cameron, but he can neither think for others nor permit others to think for him.
The Fountainhead does not contain this explicit philosophy,  and Rand did not write the novel primarily to convey philosophical ideas. Soon thereafter, Roark receives a letter of inquiry from Roger Enright about designing a Faced with the prospect of closing the paper, Wynand gives in and publishes a denunciation of Roark.
Instead, he brings the specifications to Roark. Webb, another minion of Toohey, similarly reacts against and attacks all those architects who came before him.
The entire section is 1, words. Gradually, he has maneuvered his followers into key editorial positions, and they all come out against Roark. He is now established, on his own terms, in the field of architecture. Though not adept at design, Keating knows someone who is: He must be a thinker to grow food, build houses, manufacture clothes, and perform the other creative actions necessary to prosper on earth.A summary of Motifs in Ayn Rand's The Fountainhead.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Fountainhead and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. This quiz will ask you about the characters and themes found in the novel The Fountainhead.
You'll be asked about the novel's protagonist, Howard.
But in The Fountainhead, Ayn Rand builds a convincing argument that this cynical view is false. Howard Roark, she shows, is both a moral man and a practical man.
Howard Roark, she shows, is both a moral man and a practical man. The Fountainhead takes place in the United States, mostly in New York City, during the s and s. It chronicles the struggles of the innovative architect Howard Roark in his effort to achieve success on his own terms.
As the story opens, twenty-one-year-old Roark is expelled from the Stanton.
The Fountainhead is a novel by Russian-American author Ayn Rand, her first major literary success. The novel's protagonist, Howard Roark, is an individualistic young architect who designs modernist buildings and refuses to compromise with an architectural establishment unwilling to accept innovation.
The Fountainhead: Theme Analysis, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.Download